INTERVIEWER: If you’re worriedabout the economic charge of the coronaviruscrisis, you’re not alone. It’s scary. There is no clear prognosi, and each country’s experience will differ. Here’s what we do know. A steady overflow of money, goods, business, and the person or persons to form them spurt is essentialto a healthy economy, and that overflow issevere right now by lifesavingstay-at-home dictates. Recession is inevitable, but what kind of recession it will be and whatrecovery might look like remains unclear. To facilitate imaginewhat could happen, scribes from BostonConsulting Group point out that recessionsand their recuperations come in numerous offend conditions. These are determined byhow hard a crisis hits the ply surface of an economy.That’s an economy’sinputs, capital– like machine, plants, software– labor, or workersplus productivity, or how we use labor andcapital productively. The mettle of thesupply side is hitting the more credit isinterrupted, meaning less coin is inserted in the form of loansto businesses and individuals to fuel investmentand the more difficult it is for productivityto recover. From best to worst, we haveV, U, and L receding sicken shapes.The V figure is a one-time immerse. If credit can continue toflow, productivity and labor are less altered. You can see that growthdips but recovers to its pre-crisislevel and pace. The U shape is much more costly. Credit flow is stopped, andgrowth sags precipitously, never rebounding toits pre-crisis path. The pace of growing recovers, see how the downgrades are similar, but a large gap betweenthe old-fashioned and brand-new courses represents one-off damage tothe economy’s supply side. The L shape is the worst. Credit is severely disruptednot formerly, but perpetually, and there is verylittle brand-new asset. This economy never recoversits prior output road, and the rate ofgrowth likewise declines.The crisis leavespermanent structural damage to the economy’s supply back. These examplesrepresent dilemmas that started in the financialsector, obstructing ascribe flood and thus, uppercase increment. We have someoff-the-shelf plans for dealing with these. However, we are nowin uncharted country with a doubled danger of afinancial method disturbance and an epic freeze of the realeconomy, private households, conglomerates, and government that deliverreal, physical goods and services. Countries have noexisting playbook for dealing withthis doubled shock.Months of necessarysocial distancing grows the risk of both typesof difficulties, which can feed off each other in dangerous channels. For illustration, a prolongedcrisis can drive up real economy bankruptcies ofeveryday people and firms, meeting it harder forfinancial systems to manage. And a monetary organization crisiswould starve the real economy of recognition, which could[ __] financing and ultimately expansion. In this combinedcrisis, uppercase is not proliferate, pushing the economytowards a U shape , not good. However, we can head offa U or L-shaped recovery and shrink theintensity of the crisis. How? Primarily innovation. On the medical place, vaccines, managements, and capacityinnovations are needed to save lives and end theeconomic damages caused by social distancing. On the economicside, in addition to a vigorous and efficientpolicy response, we will need policy inventions. For illustration, in theUS, the$ 2 trillion stimulus money is just a start. We will need innovative waysto deliver that money to those who need it, since neverbefore have policymakers had to help such large numbersof firms and households.For example, theso-called discount windows that allow unlimitedaccess to funding for the financial sectorcould be replicated for households and firmsin the real economy so that they can stay afloat. Zero interest bridge loansto households and conglomerates, a standstill onmortgage fees for residential andcommercial borrowers, the latter are potentialsolutions that could help make a real difference. The economic objective is to keepour shock shape closer to and V and further away froma U or an L. Speedy, well-executed medicaland policy inventions are our best hope tosave the most lives and avoid permanenteconomic shattering.