Transcriber: Denise AnagnostouReviewer: Tanya Cushman Growing up in Bali 30 years ago, there was magic everywhere. We experiencedthe most amazing nature here. The creeks was still alive. Nature was thrivingand vibrating with vitality. And it is those memoriesand those ordeals that impel me passionate, that make-up me workon environmental answers. We’ve been challenging the status quo. There’s this common beliefthat environmental answers are expensive, epoch exhausting, and involved, and our crew has been working on measuringand monitoring resource consumption to somewhat challengethe tourism industry, to be their friends but to likewise comprise a reflect upagainst their face and to show them that we can alldrastically improve. Environmental management is a team effort. It makes everyone to participate. And to get a team to work together, you need to build trust.And to build trust, you need accurate information. You need dataand you need storytelling, the knockout of it. We’ve been collecting dataand working on properties be demonstrating that it doesn’t need to be complicated, it doesn’t taking so long, it’s very affordable, and return on investmentscomes very fast. Bali’s been in a constanttourism exploitation upturn since I’ve been a child. The last decade’s been really extreme. We’re now at, in 2019, we’re at over 100,000 rooms.That’s hotel rooms. We now have over 5,000 hotels in Bali. And on top of that, we have thousands of eateries, beach golf-clubs, homestays, amusement parks, and 730 Balinese hamlets. So there are seven hotelsfor every Balinese village on this island. The majority of this developmentis in the south, as we are all aware of, and everyone is competingfor the same aids. Everyone needs liquid, everyone needs vitality, everyone needs a place to make their litter, everyone needs our biodiversity, everyone needs information. There’s a strain on this islandthat is ongoing and coming to a certain tipping point. Energy growth – 10% on average every year. We are in a freshwater crisis, and we simply consumemore sea than “were having”. In fact, we are in a 13% lack, and our flows and irrigate figures are going dry.And beautiful trash – we have eight landfills like this in Bali. And there are thousands of trucksgoing to these landfills every day, the major problem beingthat no one separates their the documentation and it turns into waste. Material can, in fact, be re-integrated into the economy, but debris is impossible to get dropped, and we can’t work fast enough: the trucks keep working, and coming, and coming. So what’s the good news in all of this? The good bulletin is that we’vebeen working on solutions.We’ve consume the last five yearsas a unit, with my two partners, Maitri Fischer and Wayan Lim. We’ve been working on showcase propertiesto challenge the status quo and to show the tourism industry that they can, in fact, cut their source uptake in half, and that it doesn’thave to come at a huge cost. Take this luxury recourse for example. Just focusing on energy, they were using classic distance heatersfor their villa pools.We altered those to heat shoots. Heat pumps cater air conditioningand heating at the same time. We shielded the piping, we segregated the balancing tanksto reduce heat losses, we compounded reserve pumpswith fountain gushes, and we questioned simple questions like “Does a pump truly needsix hours to clean a pond? ” No, it doesn’t. So why isn’t it operate four? We altered the freonin the air conditioners to coolant, we ameliorated their energy joining, and then we installedsome solar PV on the driveway. The entire asset paid offwithin under one year. And then the second year, the inn saved over $100,000 on their energy penalties. This is a huge success, and that money “couldve been” reinvestedinto different solution: in hamlets or in other belongings. But there’s so much valueto be found in these dimensions; there’s so much that we can do. Take this beach club for example – focusing on water.Savings in waterare extremely hard to find. But what we do is we installsubmetering depots. We use a simple toolthat you can get in any equipment supermarket. It’s called a irrigate meter. And we install it in all kinds of places, and then we accurately monitorthe water intake, and we are able to pinpointwhere the water is going, who’s using it – the restaurant? is it goingto the bars? is it in the puddle? – and we start to see patterns, and we can see how much waterthis property is downing with the peoplethat are spurting through it.We establish a baseline, and then we startto implement savings strategies. At this beach club, we shortened the amount of waterneeded for every flush. We positioned aerators on the sounds -those are water-saving manoeuvres. We chose some small leaksthat no one ever found since they are didn’t havethe right methods. We even improved a recycling curve for liquid to recycle used toilet waterback into the plots and reuse it for watering. And since 2018, this water park has savedover 45 million litres of liquid. That is enough drinking waterfor 60,000 people for an entire year. That’s one quality. And they save money doing this: 70,000 us dollars per year. And the speculation paid offin seven months. With this water park, we’ve been workingtogether for nearly three years now.And we’ve been really driving energyand liquid and garbage to landfill answers; we’ve been doing biodiversity administration. But exactly to talk about consume, we’ve abbreviated litter to landfillat this property by 78%. And we’re make 13 tonnes of compost on site now every single month. How did we do this? By making separation unusually easy, by setting up prep stationson the kitchen’s bars, by place coloured binsand containers for organics, by adding advertisements, communications, doing talks, some policy design, representing everyone understand why -why, why, why we’re doing this – and every day, accurately measuringhow much waste is going to landfill.So again, we fix a baseline, we know how much is going to the landfill, and then we start to improve, and then we start to report on that. We start to tell the teams, and we start to celebrate the success. A 78% reduction trash to landfillis over 256 tonnes – it’s one property. In all the regions of the 25 propertiesthat we’ve worked on, together with the[ inaudible ], we are in the thousands of tonnes of wastethat is not going to the landfill. And this is all possibleby separation at source.That’s all that we need to focus on. It is the major, major point – to separate organics and non-organicsso that the industry can do their job. As soon as you mix it, it’s impossible to manage. We’ve been working on answers, and eventually, what we’ve been focusing onis to create showcases, showcases for the tourist industry, showcases for everyone to understand, showcases that teach us that we cancut our asset uptake in half.And we would like to askthe hotel association to make a pledge – it’s by 2025 -to cut their aid consumption in half. I’d love to work together with them. I’d love to inspire them to do this. And we would love to inspirethe tourist industry in Indonesia that it’s going to be a continuing trend to use their resourcesand to use their enterprise to inspire change and to empower the local communitiesto be the leaders of change.Thank you.( Applause ).