On August 9th, 2021 the IntergovernmentalPanel on Climate change impacts secreted the first part of their sixth assessment of the climatecrisis. Times in the making, the report once againwarned the world of our catastrophic events. Within the nearly 4000 page outage of thephysical science driving atmosphere chaos lies a particularly disrupting area. One that illuminates just whats at stakeif we continue on the path of unhindered extraction and emissions. This is the story of tipping times: whatthey are, when they will happen, and what activities we can take now to stop drastic dominoeffects in the future. This video is sponsored by CuriosityStream, which now comes with Nebula for free when you sign up exploiting the link in the specific characteristics. What Are Tipping Points? Imagine youre playing Jenga. You and your friends are slowly taking apartthe tower brick by brick until, unexpectedly, one of you plucks out a wooden block and thewhole tower collapses.This is a tipping part in a nutshell. As our world-wide capitalist system drags moreand more wooden blocks, which on the global scale represent carbon emissions or deforestation, the physical countries of ocean currents, glaciers and whole woods become precarious. So with one small-minded move, or the removal ofone more block, entire glacial or rainforest organizations can cascade into a different territory, often with no ability to return back to normal.The climate crisis is now driving us headlongpast these brinks. Carbon Brief, the awarding winning discipline explainerwebsite, marked nine of the most important possible tipping points around the world, that if triggered, could create abrupt and irreversible mutate. These tip-off degrees look like everythingfrom irreversible coral reef die offs, to catastrophic switchings in West African and Indianmonsoons, or even the collapse of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation which includesthe Gulf Stream, and we all know what happens when the Gulf Stream collapses In short, once these systems have barrelledpast their tipping times, theres very little chance of reverting back to the environmentshumanity has grown accustomed to. With this in mind let’s take a look at twoof “the worlds largest” consequential tipping places we face in the coming decades of the climatecrisis. The Amazon Rainforest DiebackThe Amazon rainforest, with its abundance of flora and fauna was once the lungs of theworld. Sucking in depth breathers of carbon dioxideand sequestering it into its wide stalks, the Amazon assimilated 5-10% of human causedCO2 emissions.But in 2021, thats no longer the action forthe southeastern section of the rainforest. Harmonizing to a recent study, some areas ofthe massive rainforest located in Brazil have now become a net root of carbon dioxideemissions, radiating as much as a billion metric tons of carbon a year. This is just a flavor of what a wholesale diebackof the Amazon could intend. And if left unchecked, the capitalist exploitationthat got us into this mess will simply accelerate the destabilization of the Amazon. The impels that could be used to propagandize us into a large-scaleforest die-off are complex, but ultimately boil down to increased drought and barrages drivenby climate change impacts and deforestation.Together these two would fragment and degradethe Amazon to such a state that it would no longer support itself and thus transitioninto an ecosystem much more like a savannah than a rainforest. And, distributed according to recent study, this processof savannah-fication could happen in merely a 50 time timeframe. The current experiment, nonetheless, reveals thatthere is some time before we reach this dieback tipping detail. If deforestation werent an issue, 3 celsiusof warming could be enough to tip towards an Amazonian dieback, with 4 celsius beingmuch more realistic.The question is that extended deforestationdriven by soybean cultivate for sheep, and lash and burn clearing for cattle pastureis further destabilizing the Amazon. Continued deforestation entails an acceleratedpace towards irreparable large-scale Amazoninan transformation. And the Amazons rapid transition from rainforestto savannah not only spells catastrophe for the rich biodiversity of the ecosystem, but italso necessitates a lot of the carbon that the Amazon has captured over the years will release intothe flavour as carbon dioxide, potentially pushing us deeper into climate chaos. But there is still hope. As Professor Richard Betts makes it: ifdeforestation is more of a direct human action, we have a more immediate chance of stoppingit by holding back on deforestation. So, while deforestation is rushing us alongto a tipping point, it also represents a very tangible intervention point that if haltedcould grant us ample time to prevent fatal dieback.But even if we act quickly to prevent thedying of the Amazon, theres another ominous tipping target on the horizon that could lockin a hotter life for centuries to come. The Melting of the PermafrostThe Arctic is warming rapidly. Temperatures there have been increasing almosttwice as fast as the global norm, and exactly the summer months a Siberian town within the Arcticcircle suffered a sweltering 118 fahrenheit or 47.8 celsius on the ground. The Arctic is quite literally on fire. For a region thats frequently supposed tobe cold most of the year, this charms disaster. Especially for the seams of permafrost thatcoat the arctic. Permafrost is any ground that remains frozenfor more than two years directly. In most cases, especially as you dig downdeeper under the topsoil that thaws and refreezes every year, youll note permafrost thathas been in a frozen mood for thousands of years. Its basically the deep freezer of theworld, and moves nearly a quarter of the land area of the Northern Hemisphere. It accommodates organic remains of bushes, swine, and microbes in a state of frozen stasis.Unable to properly separate, this organicmatter has built up over hundreds of thousands of years. Some scientists had considered that as muchas 1.6 trillion metric tonnes of carbon or the equivalent of doubled the amount of carbondioxide now in our atmosphere is currently caught in permafrost. This meant that if a considerable amount ofpermafrost begins to thaw, and the organic material within it separates, world-wide emissionscould abruptly accelerate.A 2019 report from the National Oceanic andAtmospheric Administration of the U.S. states that this thawing could be releasing anestimated 300 -6 00 m tonnes of net carbon per year to the atmosphere. But what compiles the dissolve of the permafrostso daunting, is that once it thaws and microbes start breaking down the organic matter andreleasing methane and carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, theres no going back. You cant really refreeze thawed organic material, in much the same way you wouldnt articulated partially separated raw chicken back into the freezerto make it more edible.Unlike other tipping stages, nonetheless, researchersare observing that permafrost thaw doesnt drive itself or cascade soon on a largescale. Most likely it will thaw at a steady pacewith occasional regional crumbles and quick rejects. This meant that if we are able to slow andmitigate climate change, we could potentially slow down or stop large-scale permafrost thaw. Ultimately saving billions, if not trillionsof carbon in the soil. But to do that, we need a complete political, economic, and cultural transformation on an unprecedented level. Stopping Tipping PointsWe are barrelling towards the edge of countless tip-off spots from the rapid thaw of theGreenland ice sheet to the disintegration of the West Antarctic ice sheet. If we tip over the edge theres very littlepossibility of returning to our current state, which means that prevention is essential. We need to slam on the brakes now. We need to treat the climate crisis like itreally is, a crisis. Tipping stations show us that there are veryreal results if we continue on our current course, but they too show us that takingtransformational activity right now is not a revolutionary accomplishment, its a necessary one.Milquetoast radiations parts and lukewarm net-zerogoals from multinationals will not stop us from tipping over the edge. These programmes are akin to trying to stop atruck with a pebble. So, we need to address the root cause of theclimate crisis in order to avoid these potential cascading catastrophes. Global capitalism must end. Ive made a whole video on why capitalismis not only not the answer to the climate crisis but too the main move of it. For the last 50 years weve known of thespectre of climate change, and world-wide capitalism has failed to achieve any large-scale emissionsreductions needed to stop a warming world. New paradigms, then, are essential. Ideas and campaigns like ecosocialism, solarpunk, indigenous primacy, a red new deal, all have the potential to not only stop climatechange but to build a flourishing world. A macrocosm wherein tipping times are taken seriouslyand the enormous resources and knowledge of our communities are mobilized to prevent them.The dieback of the Amazon and permafrost meltare not the only tipping sites were at risk of prompting, Unfortunately I wasntable to cover more in this video. I actually did write a little section allabout the dissolve of the Greenland ice sheet, but it got cut for period and to allay theYoutube algorithm. So, Ive uploaded that section as an extendededition of this video on the stream stage my pioneer friends and I constructed called Nebula. The bonus content supersedes this ad becausethere arent any ads on Nebula. And youll not only see a lot of extendededitions, exclusive material and ad free videos over on Nebula from me, but also from channelslike Second thought and Polymatter.Nebula tolerates viewers to support creatorsdirectly so they dont have to worry about the pesky YouTube algorithm. Nebula is awesome but its now moved evenbetter with our partnership with CuriosityStream. CuriosityStream is the go to streaming platformfor thousands of top tier documentaries, like the documentary Earths Survival, whichlooks at how climate crisis is driving us towards tip-off moments like the evaporate ofthe permafrost. And because CuriosityStream affections supportingeducational inventors we worked out a slew where if you sign up with the link below, not only do you get access to CuriosityStream, but you’ll also get Nebula for FREE. And “thats really not” a contest, you’ll have Nebulaas long as you’re a CuriosityStream member. Whats even better is that CuriosityStreamis offering a special deal for my viewers: 26% off their annual propose – that’s a littleover a dollar a few months for BOTH CuriosityStream and Nebula. By signing up, you not only immediately supportOur Changing Climate, but you gain access to thousands of documentaries and exclusivevideos from your favorite authors So if you want to support both Our ChangingClimate and hundreds of other educational content architects go to CuriosityStream.com/ OCCor sound the link in the description and sign on for CuriosityStream and Nebula for precisely $14.79 per year, that’s 26% off.Thanks so much for watching all the way tothe end! If youve already signed up for CuriosityStreamyou can also support me by becoming an Our Changing Climate Patron. Just pledging one dollar a few months gives methe financial stability I need to keep building more videos like this. Thanks again for watching and Ill see youin 2 weeks ..